Gum disease, otherwise known as periodontitis, is a common dental condition that can cause pain and discomfort. Left untreated, it can lead to more serious complications. In this blog, we will explore the symptoms and potential complications associated with gum disease and what you should do if you think you may have it.
Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease is caused by bacteria in the mouth that irritates and inflames the gum tissue. Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing teeth regularly or not flossing after meals can cause a buildup of plaque, which can slowly damage the gums over time. People who are at higher risk for developing gum disease are those with existing medical conditions such as diabetes and people who smoke.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Some of the most common signs of gum disease include red, swollen gums; bleeding during brushing or flossing; receding gums; chronic bad breath; and sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to visit your dentist or periodontist for an evaluation.
Complications from Untreated Gum Disease
Gum disease left untreated can lead to a number of potential health complications including tooth loss, loosening of teeth from their sockets, increased risk for stroke and heart attack due to inflammation in the body, weakening of bones due to poor oral health habits, mouth sores, changes in tastes buds due to damaged nerve endings in the mouth, and increased risk for other diseases like cancer.
Treatment For Gum Disease
The treatment plan recommended by your dentist will depend on how severe your gum disease is. In mild cases, simple home care measures such as brushing twice daily with soft bristles and flossing after meals can help prevent further progressions. Other treatments may include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning around your gums), antibiotics applied directly into infected pockets around the teeth (known as “Arestin”), or surgery in extreme cases where a pocket needs to be removed or other damage must be repaired surgically. Your dentist will assess your case individually and create a customized treatment plan accordingly.
If you think you may be suffering from gum disease, contact Dentistry Consilium today for an evaluation by one of our experienced dentists! Taking action now could save you hundreds or even thousands in future dental expenses if left untreated long-term!